The country of contrasts Romania, As their vibrant Flag Romania is full of vibrant things from scary to breathtaking beauty, a country in Europe, Romania is a definition of a true gem. Believing in Romania we can say no dull moment can be found in here. From hidden garden to the village museum and to quirky cafes Romania has a lot to offer.
The name ‘Romania’ supposedly comes from Romanus (Latin for ‘Roman’) but others say it could also be from rumân (dependent peasant).
Romania is a fourth- largest country in central and eastern Europe, Boarded by Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, and Moldova to the east and has its opening to the Black sea.
Every country has a story, a history of itself and Romania is no different when we talk about war, immigration, development, and independence in its past.
Romania, after fought against the Ottoman Empire, declared its independence from the Ottoman Empire after the 1877-1878 Russo-Turkish War, in which the Ottomans fought against the Russian empire. In the 1878 Treaty of Berlin, Romania was officially recognized as an independent state by the Great Powers.
The Romanian economy has been through ups and down something of a roller-coaster ride since the collapse of Communism. In 1989 it was in a state in a major crisis, with no industrial base, no large source of income and it continued to decline until 1993.
A major problem was repayment of debt to the West. Ceauşescu had run up huge arrears in building up state-owned industry in the 1970s. Determined to be free of foreign creditors, he ordered all efforts to go into repaying the debts, leaving his own people with little to sustain them and the economy in tatters. Things got worse before they got better, with the economy shrinking through much of the 1990s.
The government implemented and worked an ambitious program of structural reforms in the areas of energy-intensive industries, agriculture, the financial sector, and macroeconomic stabilization. From Garment and shoe manufacturing, metal, the extracting and processing of primary goods (timber, marble, rock), food processing, oil refining, and chemical derivatives are the main industries in Romania, followed by pharmaceuticals, heavy machinery, and household electronics. A high proportion of people about 30% are still employed in agriculture, much of it subsistence farming. The remainder are divided between industry and services, with slightly more in the latter category. One rapidly growing area is Information Technology: a combination of well-trained programmers, tax breaks, and relatively low labour costs have seen the software sector mushroom, and Romanian techies enjoy an enviable reputation abroad.
Romanian leu/lei (singular/plural)
Currency Exchange :
Romanian, Hungarian, Romany, Other, Unspecified.
The Romanian language is considered to be a Latin based language which is a continuation of the Latin spoken in ancient times in Dacia and Moesia – the eastern provinces of the Roman Empire. Where Ethnic minorities which are Hungarian and German use their own languages in school and civil administration.
Literacy rate in Romania quite impressable which is about 98%. In today’s era, Most Romanians living in towns and cities are able to communicate in English, French or German. It can be seen in smaller villages that only younger people and children usually speak foreign languages. Around 80% of Romania’s population speak one foreign language, 25% speak at least two, 4% of the country’s population speak three or more foreign languages. Romania has now over 100 universities.
Bucharest the capital of Romania is home to the country’s undeniable top museums of art, history and natural science, among many, many others. Lovers of folk art have both a quirky peasant museum and a grand, open-air collection dedicated to Romanian villages to choose from. It is also known as second Paris due to its phenomenal architecture.
Bucharest is also greatly known for food and its diversity, it is called a dining capital of Romania.
Immigration procedure for non-EU citizens is still difficult to find a way to live in Romania, considering the numerous conditions that they must fulfil.
Visa Granting Regime
The visa application of desire person must be submitted to the diplomatic missions or the consular offices of Romania from abroad. The request to be granted a visa must be accompanied by proper documents to justify the purpose and conditions of the travel and by proof of sufficient means of subsistence during the stay in Romania as well as for departure from the territory of Romania.
Depending on the purpose, visas may vary:
- Airport transit visa
The airport transit visa is granted to a person when a visa from a third country is available. Airport Transit visa allows the foreigner to stay within the neighbourhood of the airport for a maximum of 5 days.
- Transit visa
Among all they also have Transit visa to offer, It is a visa that allows a foreigner to transit the Romanian territory. Transit Visa can be issued for one, two or several transits, each transit period must not exceed 5 days.
- Short-stay visa
The short-stay visa is a kind of visa that allows foreigner entity to request entry onto Romanian territory, for this visa to be valid the duration of which may not exceed 90 days within any period of 180 days preceding each day of stay in Romania. This type of visa can be issued with one or more entries.
In this Visa, the right to remain in Romania, given to the foreigner for a short-term stay, cannot be extended.
This visa may be granted for various purposes such as visit, business, tourism, transport, sports activities, cultural activities, scientific activities, humanitarian, short-term medical treatment or other activities.
- Long-term visa
From the long-term Visa stay may be granted to foreigners upon request, for a period of 90 days, for one or several travels. This visa grants foreigners the right to temporary residence and allows them to request the extension of the right to temporary residence and obtain a residence permit.
This long-term visa may be granted to an entity for various purposes such as the following:
- Long-term visa for carrying out economic activities
This type of visa can be granted to foreigners who are supposed to carry out economic activities in an independent manner or within-family associations.
2. Long-term visa for carrying out professional activities
This type of visa can be granted to a foreign entity who is supposed to exercise a liberal profession in Romania, in conformity with the special legislation.
3. Long-term visa for carrying out commercial activities
This type of visa may be granted to foreigner entity who are shareholders or associates, with management or administration functions, of commercial companies which are Romanian legal persons, that are going to make an investment.
The applier of this Visa have to fulfil certain conditions, from starting with a business plan. For this kind of visa they will have to prove the availability of the necessary funds for carrying out the activity, to an amount of at least 100.000 euro, in case they are associates in a limited liability company, and 150.000 Euro, in case they are shareholders of a stock company.
The Visa holder will make, within 12 months from the obtaining of the residence permit, an investment suitable to the business plan, bringing contributions in the form of capital or technology to a minimum amount of 100.000 Euro for a limited liability company and 150.000 Euro for a stock company.
The Visa holder will create, within 12 months from the obtaining of the residence permit, at least 10 new jobs for a limited liability company and at least 15 new jobs for a stock company.
- Other kinds of long-term visas given by Romania, depending on the purpose of which they are issued, maybe:
This can be employment, study, religious or humanitarian activities, family reunification, scientific research activities, diplomatic and official visa, or other purposes.
- Applying for an extension of the temporary right of residence in Romania
It non-EU citizens who have been in Romania based on a long-term visa can request the extension of the right to temporary residence. From this, their time period can be successively extended for up to one year.
- EU gives Blue Card for highly qualified employees
EU Blue Card is a considered to be a privileged permit issued to highly qualified non-EU citizens that certifies the right to reside and work in Romania. This permit comes with many privileges like regarding the right of residence and work in an EU Member State.
Job Trends in Romania
In Romania, nearly three-quarters of managers in Romanian companies believe the star of the labour market will be the IT industry, which will continue to generate the biggest number of new jobs.
According to one survey drivers are the most wanted employees in Romania at this moment, according to a study by local, based on the number of job offers it has seen that “Drivers-car services-couriers” category has had the most job offers. The category also has the highest number of job applicants and the most interactions between employers and candidates, the study shows.
Next has seen that in terms of job offers the “engineers-craftsmen-builders” category, followed by “work abroad”, “hotel and restaurant personnel”, “babysitters-maids” and “cashiers-commercial workers” categories are in demand. Meanwhile, in terms of the number of candidates, the second most popular category is “work abroad”.
Benefits Of Staying in Romania
From good internet to cheap stay as compare to other Europian countries Romania has a lot to offer, rich in culture extravagant history, diverse food ethnicity and many you name it and you will have it. A touch of spookiness to mesmerizing breathtaking beauty Romania is undeniable true definition of diversity itself.
Interesting Facts About Romania
- Romania has faster data transmission speed than the United States.
- World’s first top-scoring gymnast in Olympic is Romanian.
- You can find the happiest, unique in its own way cemetery in only Romania (Merry Cemetery).
- Romania has to offer best-preserved delta in Europe.
- Romania’s Transylvania is famous for Dracula and the biggest gothic church is in Romania.
- The second-largest (The Palace of Parliament) building in the world is in Bucharest.